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10 - 12. Months

The months 10-12 are the period when the baby is beginning to specialize in communicating while reaching his first year in the world. It will be a source of happiness for you that your baby is able to express what he wants in a way that you can understand.

Physical Development

10-12 months are the months when your baby is gradually moving. He crawls, gets up and can even walk. You can also hear his first words that will excite you in these months.

At the end of the month 10, your baby

• can stand up holding onto someone or something.
• can get up while sitting.
• Can object if you try to take a toy from his hand
• can play the game ce-ee.
• can say mama, papa (but he usually says them randomly).

At the end of the month 11, your baby

• can switch to sitting position while weltering
• remove a small object by using his thumb and a part of another finger.
• can understand the word "No" (but may not always obey this).

At the end of the month 12, your baby

• can walk by holding onto somewhere. 

In the period when he starts crawling, sliding along or rolling over, you can help him by providing him a safe place to move around comfortably To encourage his movements, you can set his toys to the places he can reach by rolling or crawling. 

Although there are large differences between children, the process of teething is as follows in many children:

- 2 lower incisors grow in month 6-8
- 2 upper incisors grow in month 7-9
- 2 upper lateral incisors grow in month 8-10
- 2 lower lateral incisors grow in month 10-12.

These features are developmental goals that every baby is expected to reach in months 10-12. If you observe deficiency in your baby at these stages, you should consult your doctor. 

Except for these expected developmental characteristics, some babies may drink water from a cup at the end of the 12th month, hold a small object by using his thumb and fingertips of another finger, play a clapping game, stand for a short period of time without holding onto something, say a word other than mama-papa. Some babies can show what they want without crying, they can roll a ball thrown back, they can stand without holding onto things, talk in their own language and even walk. A small group of babies can say 3 or more words, and can carry out one-step orders without signs. 

Mental and Social Development

In these months, your baby understands more words than he can say. As he begins to understand what you say, he also becomes competent enough to fulfill your wishes with one stage and without pointing that. He can say one or two words like "mama" and "papa". He can describe what he wants with his actions deliberately. You can continue to explain what is going on in this period to support the development of his language. For example, "I'm giving you your milk now, and then you're going to take a bath." You can also verbalize his behaviours and reactions; For example, when he pushes his toy, you can say, "You are pushing the toy, I think you don't want to play games anymore. This will both support the strengthening of communication between you and his language development. 

From these months, your baby may be worried when you go away and he cannot see you. But he will learn in these months that a person does not disappear when he cannot see it. You can play ce-ee game with him to support this development.

In these months, your baby likes to do the same thing over and over again. He takes an object and throws it on the floor and then takes it again. This is his trial and learning efforts. You can encourage him in that direction, too. For example, if he bangs the two cubes that he holds in both hands, show him to overlap them. Show him examples of how things work. For example, show him that when you shake a rattle, it makes a sound, or he can throw a ball. In the same way, you can show which object works for what, for example, "this is a comb, we can comb our hair with that." 

Again in these months, your baby starts to make movements for a purpose. For example, when he sees that you have a clean diaper, he can try to run away by crawling or rolling. It also shows that his memory is getting better and that he now knows the diaper and that you will soon change his diaper.

You can support the development of his senses by ensuring him to touch a piece of ice, to watch the melting of the ice, to see a paper wrinkled in your hand, listening to the sound of a plastic bottle that you fill with rice or lentil by shaking it.

Now that he can move more freely and are more curious, you will need to secure the environment where your baby is. When you eliminate dangerous objects around, your child plays with confidence and you don't often have to say him "No".  

DO NOT FORGET: 

Remember, each child is unique and shows its unique growth and developmental characteristics. Not all babies acquire exactly the same developmental characteristics at the same time. Premature infants also show these developments later than babies of the same age group. For this reason, do not compare your infants and consider his own development line while following your baby. Please talk to your doctor if your baby has not shown the expected improvement in these months. 

Nutrition

Now your baby has met almost all foods, including some things on your own adult diet. In these months, you might be starting to think about stopping breastfeeding. Doctors recommend breastfeeding until the age of 2. However, you can also determine the ablactation time yourself depending on your own situation and the characteristics of your baby. You may have returned to work or are preparing to return, and therefore you may have reduced breastfeeding. Or sometimes your baby who has met new foods is less interested in breastfeeding. Or you may want to slow down the breastfeeding because you are going to make arrangements about your own life. Towards the end of the first year, the protein, zinc, copper, potassium content of breast milk is not enough for your baby. Therefore, you can plan to cut or reduce breastfeeding by talking to your doctor. It is also appropriate to learn from your doctor what you can substitute for breastfeeding. 

References:

1. Eisenberg A, Murkoff HE, Hathaway SE. What Expects You in Your Baby's First Year? Epsilon Publications (translation ed. Dr. Dilek Tunalı), Istanbul, 2013.

2. https://www.zerotothree.org/early-development/ages-and-stages (Accessed on: April 2018)

3. https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/series/your-child-s-development-age-based-tips-from-birth-to-36-months#birth-to-12-months (Access date : April 2018)

4. https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/80-birth-to-3-months-your-baby-s-development (Accessed on: April 2018)

5. https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/81-3-6-months-your-baby-s-development (Accessed on: April 2018)6. https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/82-6-9-months-your-baby-s-development (Accessed on: April 2018)

7. https://www.whattoexpect.com/milestones/7-9-months/ (Accessed April 2018)

8. https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/103-9-12-months-your-baby-s-development (Accessed on: April 2018)

9. https://www.zerotothree.org/resources/103-9-12-months-your-baby-s-development#downloads (Accessed on: April 2018)

10. Neyzi O, Ertuğrul T. Pediatrics 1. Nobel Medical Bookstores, Istanbul, 2nd Edition, 1993

11. Murkoff HE. What To Expect First Year. https://www.whattoexpect.com/milestones/0-3-months/ (Accessed on: April 2018)

12. Murkoff HE. What To Expect First Year. https://www.whattoexpect.com/milestones/4-6-months/ (Accessed: April 2018)

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